of Veneer Cuts
The method in which veneers are cut is an important factor in producing the various visual
effects. Two logs of the same species, but with their veneers cut differently, will have
entirely different visual characteristics.
In veneer manufacturing, five principle methods of
cutting are used.
Also known as "Flat Cut" or "Plain Sliced"
The half log, or flitch, is mounted with the heart side flat against the flitch table of
the slicer and the slicing is done parallel to a line through the center of the log. This
produces a variegated figure.
Also known as "Qtr. Cut", "Qtr. Sawn" or "Quartered"
The quarter log or flitch is mounted on the flitch table so that the
growth rings of the log strike the knife at approximately right angles, producing a series
of stripes, straight in some woods, varied in others.
A variation of rotary cutting in which segments or flitchesof the log are mounted off center in the
lathe.This results in a cut slightly across the annular growth rings, and visually shows
modified characteristics of both rotary and plain sliced veneers.
The log is mounted centrally in the lathe and turned against a razor
sharp blade, like unwinding a roll of paper. Since this cut follows the log's annular
growth rings, a bold variegated grain marking is produced. Rotary cut veneer is
Rift cut veneer is produced in the various species ofOak. Oak has medullary ray cells which radiate from the center of the log like the
curved spokes of a wheel. The rift or comb grain effect is obtained by cutting at an angle
of about 15% off of the quartered position to avoid the flake figure of the medullary
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